Canadian Forest Service Publications

Impact du charançon du pin blanc (Pissodes strobi Peck) dans les plantations d'épinette de Norvège (Picea abies (L.) Karst). Partie 2 : Propriétés du bois des sciages. 2006. Mottet, M.J.; Daoust, G.; Zhang S.Y. The Forestry Chronicle 82:712-722.

Year: 2006

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 33436

Language: French

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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We studied the lumber characteristics of 148 trees taken for that purpose during commercial thinning operations in three Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) plantations, aged from 32 to 34 years, which had been attacked by the white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi [Peck]). The trees,with diameters ranging from 14 to 23 cm,were grouped into three quality classes according to the number of major deformations caused by the weevil. The effects of the deformations on rigidity, bending strength, wood density and lumber defects were examined. Results show that in general the deformations caused by the weevil do not affect the lumber properties of Norway spruce on sites of medium- to high-quality. For the three Norway spruce plantations, the mean values of the modulus of elasticity (MOE) of the lumber vary from 8510 to 9357 MPa, and for the modulus of rupture (MOR) range from 36.0 to 42.5 MPa, whereas wood density varies from 324 to 343 kg·m-3. For comparison purposes, the same measurements were taken on lumber from 38 trees in a white spruce (P. glauca [Moench] Voss) plantation that was unaffected by the weevil, but otherwise comparable to the Norway spruce plantation on one of the sites studied. The lumber properties from the Norway spruce taken from deformed or undeformed stems are 34% superior to the white spruce for the MOE, 20% for the MOR and 8% for wood density. The smaller knots in the Norway spruce could explain this difference. On the other hand, a visual classification of this type of wood reveals few differences in the lumber’s bending strength or rigidity.

Also available under the title:
Impact of the white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi [Peck]) on Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) plantations. Part 2: Lumber properties (English)