Canadian Forest Service Publications

Landscape-scale habitat selection patterns of Monochamus scutellatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in a recently burned black spruce forest. 2004. Saint-Germain, M.; Drapeau, P.; Hébert, C. Environ. Entomol. 33(6):1703-1710.

Year: 2004

Available from: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 33485

Language: English

CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Abstract

The host selection process of most phytophagous insects can be described as a sequence of behaviors leading from landscape-scale habitat location to host-plant scale, microsite selection. For the whitespotted sawyer, Monochamus scutellatus (Say), a fire-associated xylophagous cerambycid, host location and acceptance patterns have been relatively well described, whereas landscape-scale distribution patterns in recently disturbed areas have received virtually no attention. In a 5,097-ha recently burned black spruce forest of Quebec, Canada, we evaluated the variability of larval density of 569 trees in 114 plots, by using entry hole counts. This variability was then related to environmental variables ranging from tree- to landscape-scale. Both diameter at breast height (positive relationship) and fire severity (negative relationship) were significant at explaining larval density at tree scale. At larger scales, altitude had a negative effect on larval density, whereas plots having a higher percentage of unburned forest in a 500-m radius were more intensely colonized. The importance of the proximity of unburned stands could be linked to the feeding requirements of the adults, which should show preference for stands offering both egg-laying and feeding substrata, because several species of Monochamus have been shown to feed while being reproductively active. In our models, large-scale variables explained more variability in entry hole counts than did tree-scale variables. Thus, our results suggest that large-scale habitat location mechanisms may play an important role in the host selection process of the whitespotted sawyer.

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