Canadian Forest Service Publications
Conifer somatic embryogenesis: II. Applications. 2002. Cyr, D.R.; Klimaszewska, K. Dendrobiology 48: 41-49.
Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 33538
Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
Somatic embryogenesis (SE) of conifers for clonal propagation has emerged from its earliest beginnings in 1980 to become an integral component of tree improvement strategies. With its capacity for long-term germplasm preservation and scale-up technologies, it is seen to be the preferred avenue to accelerate selection and operational development of value-added genotypes. At present, programs for numerous species from the Pinaceae family are underway worldwide, with activities ranging from selection trials to pilot production for plantation forestry. This paper will provide a review of current efforts in conifer SE including cryopreservation, commercialization and deployment strategies, and transgenics. A discussion of challenges and issues is directed at genetic fidelity, intellectual proprerty and future needs.