Canadian Forest Service Publications
Flame temperature and residence time of fires in dry eucalypt forest. 2012. Wotton, B.M.; Gould, J.S.; McCaw, W.L.; Cheney, N.P.; Taylor, S.W. International Journal of Wildland Fire 21:270-281.
Available from: Great Lakes Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 33807
CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
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Temperature profiles of flames were measured using arrays of thermocouples on towers located in experimental bushfires of varying intensity, carried out in dry eucalypt forest of different fuel age and structure. In-fire video of flame-front passage and time series data from very fine exposed thermocouples were used to estimate the duration of passage ofthe main flaming front in these experimental fires. Flame temperature measured at points within the flame was found to vary with height; maximum flame temperature was greater in the tall shrub fuel than in the low shrub fuel sites. A model to estimate flame temperature at any height within a flame of a specific height was developed. The maximum flame temperature observed was 1100°C near the flame base and,when observation height was normalised by flame height, flame temperature exponentially decreased to the visible flame tip where temperatures were 300°C. Maximum flame temperature was significantly correlated with rate of spread, fire intensity, flame height and surface fuel bulk density. Average flame-front residence time for eucalypt forest fuels was 37 s and did not vary significantly with fine fuel moisture, fuel quantity or bulk density.
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