Canadian Forest Service Publications

The effects of spacing on growth, morphology and biomass production and allocation in two hybrid poplar clones growing in the boreal region of Canada. 2012. Benomar, L.; DesRochers, A.; Larocque, G.R. Trees – Structure and Function 26:939-949.

Year: 2012

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 34355

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1007/s00468-011-0671-6

† This site may require a fee

Mark record


Intra-clonal competition was studied in young hybrid poplar plantations to assess the effects of spacing on growth, biomass production and allocation, and morphological characteristics of above- and below-ground tree parts. Three spacings were used as whole-plots (1 x 1 m, 3 x 3 m and 5 x 5 m), with two hybrid poplar clones as subplots (BT747, Populus balsamifera L. x P. trichocarpa Torr. & Gray; MB915, P. maximowiczii A. Henry x P. balsamifera L.) in a split-plot design. After six growing seasons, diameter at breast height (dbh) increased by about 120% from the 1 x 1 m to the 5 x 5 m spacing for clone MB915, while there was no significant change in dbh for the other clone. The effect of spacing on height growth was opposite for the clones; it increased by about 175% from the narrowest to the widest spacing for clone MB915, while it decreased by about 27% for clone BT747. Estimates of above-ground biomass production after six growing seasons were significantly reduced with increasing spacing, with 29.6, 4.9 and 3.2 MgDM ha2 on average from the narrowest to the widest spacing. Branch traits and the vertical distribution of leaf area were the most affected by spacing for both clones, while live crown ratio and percentage of syllepsis did not change. Spacing also affected proportions of biomass allocated to stem, leaves, and branches, but allocation to roots did not change.