Canadian Forest Service Publications
ISPM15 treatments and residual bark: how much bark matters in relation to founder populations of bark and wood boring beetles. 2007. Evans, H. Alien Invasive Species and International Trade. Forest Research Institute. Warsaw. pages 149-155.
Issued by: Great Lakes Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 34681
Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
International movement of pests and pathogensis associated with trade in wood or wood products and there are many examples of the establishment of dangerous organisms and associated ecosystem damage in new countries (Liebhold et al. 1995). This risk is recognized globally and measures, at country and regional levels, are in place to try to reduce the likelihood of pests and pathogens successfully proceeding along pathways to establish in new locations. These measures are coordinated through the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and promulgated through regional plant protection organizations. A number of pathways have been recognized as posing risks of pest movement and the two most dangerous are regarded as wood packaging and plants for planting.