Canadian Forest Service Publications
Opposite action of R2R3-MYBs from different subgroups on key genes of shikimate and monolignol pathways in spruce. 2014. Bomal, C.; Duval, I.; Giguère, I.; Fortin, É.; Caron, S.; Stewart, D.; Boyle, B.; Séguin, A.; MacKay, J.J. J. Exp. Bot. 65:495-508.
Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 35358
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Redundancy and competition between R2R3-MYB activators and repressors on common target genes has been proposed as a fine-tuning mechanism for the regulation of plant secondary metabolism. This hypothesis was tested in white spruce [Picea glauca (Moench) Voss] by investigating the effects of R2R3-MYBs from different subgroups on common targets from distinct metabolic pathways. Comparative analysis of transcript profiling data in spruces overexpressing R2R3-MYBs from loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), PtMYB1, PtMYB8, and PtMYB14, defined a set of common genes that display opposite regulation effects. The relationship between the closest MYB homologues and 33 putative target genes was explored by quantitative PCR expression profiling in wild-type P. glauca plants during the diurnal cycle. Significant Spearman’s correlation estimates were consistent with the proposed opposite effect of different R2R3-MYBs on several putative target genes in a time-related and tissue-preferential manner. Expression of sequences coding for 4CL, DHS2, COMT1, SHM4, and a lipase thio/esterase positively correlated with that of PgMYB1 and PgMYB8, but negatively with that of PgMYB14 and PgMYB15. Complementary electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and transactivation assay provided experimental evidence that these different R2R3-MYBs are able to bind similar AC cis-elements in the promoter region of Pg4CL and PgDHS2 genes but have opposite effects on their expression. Competitive binding EMSA experiments showed that PgMYB8 competes more strongly than PgMYB15 for the AC-I MYB binding site in the Pg4CL promoter. Together, the results bring a new perspective to the action of R2R3-MYB proteins in the regulation of distinct but interconnecting metabolism pathways.
Plain Language Summary
Because of recent advances in genomics, it is becoming possible to more quickly study all of the genetic characteristics of living things and how they function.
The white spruce genome was recently decrypted by researchers with the pan Canadian SMarTForest Project. Using the knowledge acquired in this project, it was possible to conduct this study on the action of a particular group of transcription factors, R2R3-MYBs. These proteins play a role in the expression of certain genes, including those related to wood formation.
Because the action of R2R3-MYBs is very similar in other plants (including vines), researchers were able to work from existing knowledge and apply it to white spruce.
This information is indispensable in genetic improvement programs in order to conserve molecular markers related to specifically identified R2R3-MYBs. For example, these markers would help ensure that desired fibre characteristics are present in white spruce throughout its growth.