Canadian Forest Service Publications
Efficacy of semiochemical-baited traps for detection of longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the Russian Far East. 2014. Sweeney, J.D.; Silk, P.J.; Grebennikov, V. European Journal of Entomology 111(3):397-406.
Issued by: Atlantic Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 35539
CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
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The efficacy of various combinations of pheromones and plant volatile lures for detection of longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in traps was tested in field bioassays in a mixed coniferous–deciduous forest near Vladivostok in the Russian Far East in 2009 and 2010. Traps detected 30 species (490 specimens) in 2009 and 23 species (182 specimens) in 2010. Overall, 38 longhorn beetle species were detected, with 15 species common to both years. Species composition differed among lure treatments, but the number of species detected with any single lure did not vary significantly among lures (12–16 species per lure in 2009; 3–10 species per lure in 2010). Type of lure significantly affected mean catch per trap of five species in 2009 and 2010. For these same species, lure type also significantly affected the efficacy of detection, i.e., the proportion of traps that captured at least one specimen of a given species. The combination of racemic E-fuscumol and spruce blend (a blend of five monoterpenes) positively affected mean catch of Tetropium castaneum (L.). Racemic 3-hydroxyhexan-2-one (K6), alone or combined with ethanol, increased mean catch of Anaglyptus colobotheoides Bates. The combination of K6 and ethanol increased mean catch of Phymatodes testaceus (L.), and the combination of racemic 3-hydroxyoctan-2-one and ethanol increased mean catch of Molorchus minor (L.). Use of longhorn beetle pheromone lures in trapping surveys increases the mean catch and probability of detecting certain species of Cerambycidae, including those that may be exotic and potentially invasive. Sample-based rarefaction indicated that eight traps per site were insufficient to detect all of the longhorn species potentially attracted by any individual lure treatment, i.e., species accumulation curves failed to reach an asymptote in most cases.
Plain Language Summary
Every year in Canada, traps baited with insect attractants (e.g., ethanol) are used to survey for the presence of non-native bark- and wood-boring beetles that may have been accidentally introduced to North America via intercontinental movement of goods. Some of these introduced species become invasive pests, i.e., they establish, spread, and cause economic and/or ecological damage. The objective of this study was to compare different attractants for their efficacy at detecting species of longhorn wood-boring beetles in the Russian Far East. The Russian Far East was a suitable location for this study because it shares many tree genera with Canada (e.g., spruces, firs, pines), and contains many insect species that could potentially be introduced to Canada. Our traps detected 38 longhorn beetle species and more than 600 specimens in 2009 and 2010. Our results suggest that adding longhorn beetle pheromone lures to trapping surveys will increase the rate of detecting species of longhorn beetles, including those that may be exotic and potentially invasive.