Canadian Forest Service Publications
Forest fire risk assessment: an illustrative exmple from Ontario, Canada. 2010. Braun, W.J.; Jones, B.L.; Lee, J.S.W.; Woolford, D.G.; Wotton, B.M. Journal of Probability and Statistics 2010: Article ID 823018, 26 pages.
Issued by: Great Lakes Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 36154
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This paper presents an analysis of ignition and burn risk due to wildfire in a region of Ontario, Canada using a methodology which is applicable to the entire boreal forest region. A generalized additive model was employed to obtain ignition risk probabilities and a burn probability map using only historic ignition and fire area data. Constructing fire shapes according to an accurate physical model for fire spread, using a fuel map and realistic weather scenarios is possible with the Prometheus fire growth simulation model. Thus, we applied the Burn-P3 implementation of Prometheus to construct a more accurate burn probability map. The fuel map for the study region was verified and corrected. Burn-P3 simulations were run under the settings related to weather recommended in the software documentation and were found to be fairly robust to errors in the fuel map, but simulated fire sizes were substantially larger than those observed in the historic record. By adjusting the input parameters to reflect suppression effects,we obtained a modelwhich gives more appropriate fire sizes. The resulting burn probability map suggests that risk of fire in the study area is much lower than what is predicted by Burn-P3 under its recommended settings.