Canadian Forest Service Publications
Pine Sawyers (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Attracted to alpha-pinene, Monochamol, and Ipsenol in North America. 2016. Miller, D.R.; Allison, J.D.; Crowe, C.M.; Dickinson, D.M.; Eglitis, A.; Hofstetter, R.W.; Munson, A.S.; Poland, T.M.; Reid, L.S.; Steed, B.E.; Sweeney, J.D. Journal of Economic Entomology 109(3):1205-1214.
Available from: Great Lakes Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 37263
CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
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Plain Language Summary
Detection tools are needed for Monochamus species (Coleoptera:Cerambycidae) because they are known to introduce pine wilt disease by vectoring nematodes in Asia, Europe and North America. In 2012–2014, we examined the effects of the semiochemicals, monochamol and ipsenol on the flight responses of the sawyer beetles Monochamus carolinensis (Olivier), Monochamus clamator (LeConte), Monochamus mutator LeConte, Monochamus notatus (Drury), Monochamus obtusus Casey, Monochamus scutellatus (Say) and Monochamus titillator (F.) complex (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) to traps baited with α-pinene. Experiments were set in pine forests in New Brunswick and Ontario (Canada), and Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Montana, Oregon, South Carolina, Utah and Washington (United States). In brief, 40 traps were placed in 10 blocks of 4 traps per block per location. Traps were baited with: (1) α-pinene; (2) α-pinene + monochamol; (3) α-pinene + ipsenol; and (4) α-pinene + monochamol + ipsenol. Monochamol increased catches of six species and one species complex of Monochamus with an additive effect of ipsenol for five species and one species complex. There was no evidence of synergy between monochamol and ipsenol on beetle catches. Monochamol had no effect on catches of other Cerambycidae nor on any associated species of bark beetles, weevils, or bark beetle predators. We present a robust data set suggesting that the combination of α-pinene, ipsenol, and monochamol may be a useful lure for detecting Monochamus species.
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