Canadian Forest Service Publications

Tanguay, P.; Blais, M.; Potvin, A.; Stewart, D.; Walker, D.; Nadeau-Thibodeau, N.; Desrochers, P.; Rioux, D. 2018. qPCR quantification of Ophiognomonia clavigignenti‐juglandacearum from infected butternut trees under different release treatments. For. Pathol. 48(3): e12418.

Year: 2018

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 39181

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1111/efp.12418

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The use of a molecular assay for quantifying conidia of Ophiognomonia clavigignenti-juglandacearum, the fungal pathogen responsible of butternut canker, was investigated. Purified DNA from conidia collected on glass fibre filters of a passive rain collectors was quantified using a TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay. The qPCR assay could specifically discriminate the target species from all other North American known species of Ophiognomonia, and it was sensitive enough to repeatedly detect one conidium. A linear relationship between numbers of conidia and qPCR Ct values was determined, and used to assess the sporulation of the pathogen under trees that were released to promote their vigour. In total, 977 samples of field-captured conidia from 49 trees, at two locations, and from two successive growing seasons were analysed. No significant difference of sporulation was observed under control and release treatments. However, our results demonstrated that qPCR assay was reliable for detecting and quantifying O. clavigignenti-juglandacearum from environmental samples, which will be useful to assess further control methods for this disease.

Plain Language Summary

In this study, the researchers developed a molecular test to detect the fungus Ophiognomonia clavigignenti-juglandacearum, which is responsible for butternut canker.

This test can specifically detect and quantify the pathogen. It distinguishes the targeted species from other species of the genus Ophiognominia and provides a molecular count of spores released by the pathogen into the natural environment. The tool was developed to assess the effectiveness of phytosanitary silvicultural treatments put into place to control this disease.