Canadian Forest Service Publications

Factors influencing the dispersal of a native parasitoid, Phasgonophora sulcata, attacking the emerald ash borer: implications for biological control. 2018. Gaudon, J.M.; Allison, J.D.; Smith, S.M. BioControl:

Year: 2018

Issued by: Great Lakes Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 39234

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1007/s10526-018-9900-x

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Plain Language Summary

High parasitism by a native parasitoid, Phasgonophora sulcata Westwood (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae), has been reported on emerald ash borer (hereafter EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in North America. Use of this parasitoid in an augmentative biological control program has been proposed to slow the spread of EAB, yet information is lacking on key aspects of this parasitoid’s dispersal. We document the flight capacity and walking activity of P. sulcata, its potential fecundity, and describe how age, body size, temperature, and time of day affect these parameters. Wasp flight capacity, measured using flight mills, increased with temperature and decreased with age. Unexpectedly, age and body size did not affect wasp walking activity, and we saw no relationship between walking activity and flight capacity. Older wasps had lower potential fecundity than younger wasps. These results suggest that P. sulcata should be released as pupae near EAB-infested ash trees to improve efficacy and potential biological control success.