Canadian Forest Service Publications
Cross-species amplification of mitochondrial DNA sequence-tagged-site markers in conifers: the nature of polymorphism and variation within and among species in Picea. 2003. Jaramillo-Correa, J.P.; Bousquet, J.; Beaulieu, J.; Isabel, N.; Perron, M.; Bouillé, M. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106: 1353-1367.
Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 39372
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Primers previously developed to amplify specific non-coding regions of the mitochondrial genome in Angiosperms, and new primers for additional non-coding mtDNA regions, were tested for their ability to direct DNA amplification in 12 conifer taxa and to detect sequence-tagged-site (STS) polymorphisms within and among eight species in Picea. Out of 12 primer pairs, nine were successful at amplifying mtDNA in most of the taxa surveyed. In conifers, indels and substitutions were observed for several loci, allowing them to distinguish between families, genera and, in some cases, between species within genera. In Picea, interspecific polymorphism was detected for four loci, while intraspecific variation was observed for three of the mtDNA regions studied. One of these (SSU rRNA V1 region) exhibited indel polymorphisms, and the two others (nad1 intron b/c and nad5 intron1) revealed restriction differences after digestion with Sau3AI (PCR-RFLP). A fourth locus, the nad4L-orf25 intergenic region, showed a multibanding pattern for most of the spruce species, suggesting a possible gene duplication. Maternal inheritance, expected for mtDNA in conifers, was observed for all polymorphic markers except the intergenic region nad4L-orf25. Pooling of the variation observed with the remaining three markers resulted in two to six different mtDNA haplotypes within the different species of Picea. Evidence for intra-genomic recombination was observed in at least two taxa. Thus, these mitotypes are likely to be more informative than single-locus haplotypes. They should be particularly useful for the study of biogeography and the dynamics of hybrid zones.