Canadian Forest Service Publications
Insects and diseases of balsam fir Christmas trees. 2013. P.C. McCarthy and C.I.G. Adam. Information Report M-X-226E. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service - Atlantic Forestry Centre, Fredericton, NB.
Issued by: Atlantic Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 39790
Availability: PDF (download)
This manual is a tool to help Christmas tree growers protect their trees by enabling them to detect, identify, and control damaging insects, diseases, and other agents. Written primarily for growers in Atlantic Canada, the manual describes 15 insect pests and six diseases commonly found on balsam fir (Abies balsamea [L.] Mill.) Christmas trees. The manual describes life cycles, occurrence, monitoring, damage, and control methods. It also describes other biological hazards, such as mammals and birds, and several abiotic (non-living) factors, such as drought, frost, and winter injury.
The concept of integrated pest management is explained, and several beneficial insects that play an important role in controlling pest insects are discussed.
Also available under the title:
Insectes et maladies des sapins de Noël (French)