Canadian Forest Service Publications

Gradually increasing forest fire activity during the Holocene in the northern Ural region (Komi Republic, Russia). 2019. Barhoumi, C.; Peyron, O.; Joannin, S.; Subetto, D.; Kryshen, A.; Drobyshev, I.; Girardin, M.P.; Brossier, B.; Paradis, L.; Pastor, T.; Alleaume, A.; Ali, A.A. The Holocene 29(12): 1906-1920.

Year: 2019

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 39994

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1177/09596836198655

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In many boreal regions of Russia the past natural variability of forest fire activity remains largely undocumented, preventing accurate assessment of the impact of current climate warming on forest ecosystem dynamics. This study aims to reconstruct the Holocene fire history of the northern Ural mountain foothills, in the Komi Republic, based on analyses of charcoal particles from peatland deposits and coupled with dendrochronological investigations. The results show that there was a gradual increase in forest fire activity during the past 11,000 years. Between 11,000 and 5100 cal. yr BP, the mean fire return interval (FRI) oscillated between 600 and 200 years. During this period, regional data showed that cold temperature, humid climatic conditions, combined with steppe vegetation between 11,000–9000 cal. BP, and then the development of spruce-dominated forest between 9300 and 4600 cal. yr BP, were less conducive to fires. After 5100 cal. yr BP, a gradual increase in drought conditions through reduced precipitations, associated with the establishment of a Scots pine forest favored fire frequency, with a mean FRI under 200 years (range, 200–40 years). Nowadays (since CE 1500), human activity induces an unprecedented fire activity with a mean FRI below 100 years (range, 100–40 years).