Canadian Forest Service Publications

Short-interval wildfire and drought overwhelm boreal forest resilience. 2019. Whitman, E.; Parisien, M.-A.; Thompson, D.K.; Flannigan, M.D. Scientific Reports (2019) 9:18796.

Year: 2019

Available from: Northern Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 40174

Language: English

CFS Availability: PDF (download)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-55036-7

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Abstract

The size and frequency of large wildfires in western North America have increased in recent years, a trend climate change is likely to exacerbate. Due to fuel limitations, recently burned forests resist burning for upwards of 30 years; however, extreme fire-conducive weather enables reburning at shorter fire-free intervals than expected. This research quantifies the outcomes of short-interval reburns in upland and wetland environments of northwestern Canadian boreal forests and identifies an interactive effect of post-fire drought. Despite adaptations to wildfire amongst boreal plants, post-fire forests at paired short- and long-interval sites were significantly different, with short-interval sites having lower stem densities of trees due to reduced conifer recruitment, a higher proportion of broadleaf trees, less residual organic material, and reduced herbaceous vegetation cover. Drought reinforced changes in proportions of tree species and decreases in tree recruitment, reinforcing non-resilient responses to short-interval reburning. Drier and warmer weather will increase the incidence of short-interval reburning and amplify the ecological changes such events cause, as wildfire activity and post-fire drought increase synergistically. These interacting disturbances will accelerate climate-driven changes in boreal forest structure and composition. Our findings identify processes of ongoing and future change in a climate-sensitive biome.