Canadian Forest Service Publications

Convergent local adaptation to climate in distantly related conifers. 2016. Yeaman, S.; Hodgins, K.A.; Lotterhos, K.E.; Suren, H.; Nadeau, S.; Degner, J.C.; Nurkowski, K.A.; Smets, P.; Wang, T.; Gray, L.K.; Liepe, K.J.; Hamann, A.; Holliday, J.A.; Whitlock, M.C.; Rieseberg, L.H.; Aitken, S.N. Science volume 353 page 1431-1434.

Year: 2016

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 41045

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf7812

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When confronted with an adaptive challenge, such as extreme temperature, closely related species frequently evolve similar phenotypes using the same genes. Although such repeated evolution is thought to be less likely in highly polygenic traits and distantly related species, this has not been tested at the genome scale. We performed a population genomic study of convergent local adaptation among two distantly related species, lodgepole pine and interior spruce. We identified a suite of 47 genes, enriched for duplicated genes, with variants associated with spatial variation in temperature or cold hardiness in both species, providing evidence of convergent local adaptation despite 140 million years of separate evolution. These results show that adaptation to climate can be genetically constrained, with certain key genes playing nonredundant roles.