Canadian Forest Service Publications

Natural occurrence of Chondrostereum purpureum in relation to its use as a biological control agent in Canadian forests. 1996. de Jong, M.D.; Sela, E.; Shamoun, S.F.; Wall, R.E. Biological Control 6: 347-352.

Year: 1996

Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 4315

Language: English

CFS Availability: Order paper copy (free)

Abstract

The incidence of natural fructification of Chondrostereum purpureum was estimated quantitatively on southern Vancouver Island during two winter seasons in randomly located 1000-m2 plots and compared with potential added fructification that might occur as a result of using the fungus to control stump-sprouting of hardwood weeds in young forest stands. Fructification was surveyed in forests as well as in urban or agricultural areas by estimating the surface areas of woody substrates covered with basidiocarps. In addition to random plots, estimates were made also in locations where the fungus would be expected to occur (woodpiles, silvicultural thinnings, and killed trees). Basidiocarps were found throughout the area in various types of forest cover as well as in urban or agricultural situations. The amount of added fructification through the use of the fungus as a biological control agent was determined from inoculated plots as well as from calculated stump-surface areas developed from published stand-density data. Added fructification was multiplied by a factor representing the maximum biological control frequency in order to compare added fructification with natural fructification values. From the various calculations, it was determined that the added fructification of C. purpureum is of the same order of magnitude as naturally occurring levels or even lower. In addition, there is a distinct geographical separation between predominantly forestry and predominantly settled areas where fruit and ornamental trees are cultivated. Accordingly, it was concluded that using the fungus as a biological control agent in forestry is not likely to pose a significant threat to fruit growing and commercial forests.

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