Canadian Forest Service Publications
Genetics of Cronartium ribicola. IV. Population structure in western North America. 1998. Kinloch, B.B.; Westfall, R.D.; White, E.E.; Gitzendanner, M.A.; Dupper, G.E.; Foord, B.M.; Hodgskiss, P.D. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 91-98.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 4992
Population genetic parameters were estimated for six populations of Cronartium ribicola in western North America from British Columbia to the southern Sierra Nevada, and two outgroups from eastern North America, using isozyme, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers on cultured haploid clones. Diversity was low, with only 8% polymorphism in the 212 markers identified. Each polymorphic locus had only two alleles, except for an RFLP marker in the ribosomal DNA complex with multiple alleles, that resulted from variable numbers of tandem repeats. Expected heterozygosity within populations, estimated from diploid teliospores, was only 0.025. The three types of markers were highly consistent with each other for these parameters. Yet, populations were highly differentiated; the proportion of the total variation attributable to differences among populations was 0.205. Multivariate statistical analysis as well as different clustering algorithms based on contrasting evolutionary assumptions (drift, mutation) all showed similar relationships and differences among populations. Genetic distances were not associated with geographic distances; western populations within a few kilometres of each other were often more distant from each other genetically than they were from eastern populations across the continent. The lack of pattern over the landscape of this metapopulation is consistent with aspects of the life cycle and epidemiological behavior of the pathogen, in which genetic drift appears to play a major role.