Canadian Forest Service Publications
Spruce terpenes: expression and weevil resistance. 1999. Nault, J.R.; Manville, J.F.; Sahota, T.S. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29: 761-767.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 5281
White spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) and Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry) parent trees were selected that were rated as highly resistant or highly susceptible to white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi Peck) attack, based upon attack measurements on their open-pollinated progeny. For each parent, levels of terpenes or other volatiles in leaf and bark were highly correlated within ramets and highly variable within progeny. For the ramets, levels of individual terpenes could not be used to predict resistance class because of their large variability. A multivariate model developed using the terpenes showing the greatest differences between resistant classes was found to predict the resistance levels of the original ortets well, with 15 of 16 parent trees correctly predicted using either leaf or bark chemicals. These models failed to predict the resistance level of the open-pollinated progeny. Discriminant analysis was also attempted by dividing the ramet data into independent sets and using each set to predict the other. Again, prediction was no better than chance. We conclude that there is no merit in using terpenes as a selection tool to find resistant genotypes amongst white and Engelmann spruce populations.