Statistical data


Forest inventory

Forest and other wooded land by classification (hectares)
Forest land 347,069,000
Other land with tree cover 8,498,940
Other wooded land 40,865,660
Total area 396,433,600
Forest area change (hectares, 2015)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 34,100
Forest ownership
Provincial 76.6%
Territorial 12.9%
Private 6.2%
Aboriginal 2.0%
Federal 1.6%
Growing stock (million cubic metres)
Total volume 47,320


Insects (hectares, 2015)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 17,631,825
Fires (2016)
Area burned (hectares) 1,404,655
Number of fires 5,243

Forest management

Harvesting (2015)
Area harvested (hectares) 779,577
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 160,541,000
Regeneration (hectares, 2015)
Area planted 413,373
Area seeded 13,050
Third-party certification (hectares, 2016)
Area certified 167,797,442
Protected forest (IUCN categories)
Ia Strict nature reserve 0.10%
Ib Wilderness area 1.90%
II Ecosystem conservation and protection 4.20%
III Conservation of natural features 0.50%
IV Conservation through active management 0.20%
V Landscape conservation and recreation 0.02%

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2015)
Removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 0.5
Total emissions due to deforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 9.6
For managed forests (2015)
Area of managed forests (hectares) 226,000,000
Total net emissions or removals to the atmosphere, all causes (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 221.0
Net emissions or removals due to natural disturbances (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 247.1
Net emissions or removals due to human forest management activities and from harvested wood products (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -26.2
Transfers from the managed forest sector to the forest products sector due to harvesting (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -164.0

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2016)
Forestry and logging industry 3,608,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 8,596,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 10,868,000,000
Total contribution to nominal GDP 23,073,000,000
Contribution to real GDP (constant 2007 dollars, 2016)
Forestry and logging industry 4,286,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 7,188,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 10,152,000,000
Total contribution to real GDP 21,626,000,000
Employment (number, 2016)
Labour Force Survey 230,567
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours 185,318
Canadian System of National Accounts 211,075
Direct and indirect employment 306,020
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2015) 9,789,541,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2016) 2,151,300,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2015) 2,738,100,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2015) 63,259,327,000


Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2016) 23,130,149,716
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2016)
Primary wood products 1,442,233,349
Pulp and paper products 16,996,831,851
Wood-fabricated materials 15,930,151,778
Total value of exports 34,369,216,978
Value of imports (dollars, 2016) 11,239,067,262

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2016)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,563,300
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 66,862,300
Newsprint (tonnes) 3,353,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 2,995,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 16,508,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 8,728,654
Consumption (2016)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,649,517
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 22,724,824
Newsprint (tonnes) 296,429
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 1,310,293
Wood pulp (tonnes) 7,142,119
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 4,182,213
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