Statistical data

Forest inventory

Forest area by classification (hectares)
Forest land 346,964,664
Other wooded land 40,865,660
Other land with tree cover 8,498,940
Forest area change (hectares, 2018)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 34,257
Mining, oil and gas 13,398
Agriculture 12,280
Built-up 6,512
Forestry 1,494
Hydroelectric 573
Forest ownership
Provincial 76.6%
Territorial 12.9%
Private 6.2%
Indigenous 2.0%
Federal 1.6%
Growing stock (million cubic metres)
Total volume 44,648

Disturbance

Insects (hectares, 2018)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 16,390,513
Fires (2019)
Area burned (hectares) 1,842,612
Number of fires 3,921

Forest management

Harvesting (2018)
Area harvested (hectares) 747,690
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 158,063,563
Regeneration (hectares, 2018)
Area planted 356,371
Area seeded 6,003
Third-party certification (hectares, 2019)
Area certified 168,002,236
Protected forest (hectares, 2016)
Area protected 29,507,000

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2018)
Removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 0.3
Total emissions due to deforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 9.4
For managed forests (2018)
Area of managed forests (hectares) 226,000,000
Total net emissions or removals to the atmosphere, all causes (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 243.2
Net emissions or removals due to natural disturbances (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 251.1
Net emissions or removals due to human forest management activities and from harvested wood products (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -7.6
Transfers from the managed forest sector to the forest products sector due to harvesting (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -165.4

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2019)
Forestry and logging 4,076,976,361
Pulp and paper product manufacturing 9,133,494,899
Wood product manufacturing 10,481,523,166
Total contribution to nominal GDP 23,691,994,426
Contribution to real GDP (constant 2012 dollars, 2019)
Forestry and logging 3,627,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing 7,001,000,000
Wood product manufacturing 8,436,000,000
Total contribution to real GDP 19,064,000,000
Employment (number)
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (2019) 183,951
Canadian System of National Accounts (2018) 204,555
Natural Resources Satellite Account (2019) 226,988
Direct and indirect employment (2018) 302,489
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2018) 10,824,689,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2019) 2,469,900,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2018) 2,836,400,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2018) 77,213,680,000

Trade

Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2019) 21,423,061,783
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2019)
Primary wood products 1,423,398,212
Pulp and paper products 17,719,900,091
Wood-fabricated materials 14,108,048,255
Total value of exports 33,251,346,558
Value of imports (dollars, 2019) 11,828,284,775

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2019)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 978,600
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 57,653,200
Newsprint (tonnes) 2,678,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 2,619,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 15,392,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 8,453,982
Consumption (2019)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,021,909
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 20,059,690
Newsprint (tonnes) 291,247
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 1,024,583
Wood pulp (tonnes) 6,531,401
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 2,689,838