Statistical data

Forest inventory

Forest area by classification (hectares)
Forest land 347,039,050
Other land with tree cover 8,498,940
Other wooded land 40,865,660
Forest area change (hectares, 2017)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 35,386
Agriculture 12,280
Forestry 1,494
Mining, oil and gas 13,094
Built-up 6,508
Hydroelectric 2,010
Forest ownership
Provincial 76.6%
Territorial 12.9%
Private 6.2%
Aboriginal 2.0%
Federal 1.6%
Growing stock (million cubic metres)
Total volume 47,320


Insects (hectares, 2017)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 15,628,659
Fires (2018)
Area burned (hectares) 2,272,274
Number of fires 7,067

Forest management

Harvesting (2017)
Area harvested (hectares) 756,295
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 156,717,595
Regeneration (hectares, 2017)
Area planted 409,559
Area seeded 17,866
Third-party certification (hectares, 2018)
Area certified 164,476,024
Protected forest (hectares, 2016)
Area protected 29,507,000

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2017)
Removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 0.4
Total emissions due to deforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 9.7
For managed forests (2017)
Area of managed forests (hectares) 226,000,000
Total net emissions or removals to the atmosphere, all causes (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 217.2
Net emissions or removals due to natural disturbances (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 236.9
Net emissions or removals due to human forest management activities and from harvested wood products (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -19.6
Transfers from the managed forest sector to the forest products sector due to harvesting (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -164.8

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2018)
Forestry and logging industry 4,642,380,335
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 10,264,869,991
Wood product manufacturing industry 10,917,777,638
Total contribution to nominal GDP 25,825,027,964
Contribution to real GDP (constant 2012 dollars, 2018)
Forestry and logging industry 4,168,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 7,836,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 8,865,000,000
Total contribution to real GDP 20,869,000,000
Employment (number, 2018)
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours 187,144
Canadian System of National Accounts 210,615
Natural Resources Satellite Account 233,407
Direct and indirect employment 302,489
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2017) 10,268,696,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2018) 2,038,300,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2017) 2,480,600,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2017) 69,937,221,000


Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2018) 26,473,049,820
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2018)
Primary wood products 1,486,887,228
Pulp and paper products 19,943,002,175
Wood-fabricated materials 16,919,954,993
Total value of exports 38,349,844,396
Value of imports (dollars, 2018) 11,876,794,576

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2018)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,302,100
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 64,741,800
Newsprint (tonnes) 3,000,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 3,057,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 16,170,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 9,171,104
Consumption (2018)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,404,853
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 24,581,985
Newsprint (tonnes) 187,594
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 1,297,229
Wood pulp (tonnes) 6,999,576
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 2,601,389