Statistical data

Forest inventory

Forest area by classification (hectares)
Forest land 361,934,063
Other wooded land 36,249,346
Other land with tree cover 12,662,714
Forest area change (hectares, 2019)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 49,046
Agriculture 22,378
Mining, oil and gas 15,115
Built-up 9,518
Forestry 1,078
Hydroelectric 957
Forest ownership
Provincial 75.4%
Territorial 13.0%
Private 6.7%
Indigenous 2.1%
Federal 1.7%
Growing stock (million cubic metres, 2019)
Total volume 49,505


Insects (hectares, 2019)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 14,473,760
Fires (2020)
Area burned (hectares) 227,476
Number of fires 3,935

Forest management

Harvesting (2019)
Area harvested (hectares) 756,875
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 142,168,691
Regeneration (hectares, 2019)
Area planted 404,528
Area seeded 8,620
Third-party certification (hectares, 2020)
Area certified 164,290,088
Protected forest (IUCN categories)
Ia Strict nature reserve 0.1%
Ib Wilderness area 2.4%
II Ecosystem conservation and protection 6.3%
III Conservation of natural features 0.0%
IV Conservation through active management 0.3%
V Landscape conservation and recreation 0.0%

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2019)
Removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 0.3
Total emissions due to deforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 10.2
For managed forests (2019)
Area of managed forests (hectares) 225,569,672
Total net emissions or removals to the atmosphere, all causes (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 165.4
Net emissions or removals due to natural disturbances (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 156.8
Net emissions or removals due to human forest management activities and from harvested wood products (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 8.6
Transfers from the managed forest sector to the forest products sector due to harvesting (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -160.9

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2020)
Forestry and logging 4,205,479,497
Pulp and paper product manufacturing 8,417,342,146
Wood product manufacturing 12,556,768,934
Total contribution to nominal GDP 25,179,590,577
Contribution to real GDP (constant 2012 dollars, 2020)
Forestry and logging 3,621,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing 6,652,000,000
Wood product manufacturing 8,044,000,000
Total contribution to real GDP 18,317,000,000
Employment (number, 2020)
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours 169,155
Canadian System of National Accounts 184,510
Natural Resources Satellite Account 200,512
Direct and indirect employment 309,110
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2019) 10,763,396,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2020) 2,077,200,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2019) 3,029,500,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2019) 72,237,231,000


Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2020) 21,799,615,557
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2020)
Primary wood products 1,120,296,295
Pulp and paper products 15,275,977,826
Wood-fabricated materials 16,866,826,856
Total value of exports 33,263,100,977
Value of imports (dollars, 2020) 11,463,485,420

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2020)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 985,800
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 54,404,900
Newsprint (tonnes) 1,956,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 2,259,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 14,078,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 8,301,256
Consumption (2020)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,006,752
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 18,837,922
Newsprint (tonnes) -3,513
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 823,370
Wood pulp (tonnes) 5,699,956
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 3,877,752